K. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2019
|Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]|
|COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES||
NOTE K – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
On January 1, 2019 the Company adopted ASC Topic 842 “Leases” (“ASC 842”), which supersedes ASC Topic 840 “Leases” (“ASC 840”), using the alternative transition method of adoption. Under this method of adoption, the Company has recognized and measured all leases that exist as at January 1, 2019 (the effective date) using a modified retrospective transition approach. Comparative periods are presented in accordance with Topic 840 and do not include any retrospective adjustments to comparative periods to reflect the adoption of Topic 842. Any cumulative-effect adjustments to retained earnings is recognized as of January 1, 2019. Upon adoption, we recognized our leases with greater than one year in duration on the balance sheet as right-of-use assets and lease liabilities. For income statement purposes, the FASB retained a dual model, requiring leases to be classified as either operating or finance. Classification is based on criteria that are largely similar to those applied in prior lease accounting, but without explicit lines. We have made certain assumptions in judgments when applying ASC 842. Those judgments of most significance are as follows:
We determine if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Operating leases are included in our consolidated balance sheet as right-of-use assets, operating lease liabilities - current and operating lease liabilities – long term. Upon adoption, the Company determined there were no financing leases. Our current operating leases are for facilities and office equipment. Our leases may contain renewal options; however, we do not recognize right-of-use assets or lease liabilities for renewal periods unless it is determined that we are reasonably certain of renewing the lease at inception or when a triggering event occurs. Some of our lease agreements may contain rent escalation clauses, rent holidays, capital improvement funding, or other lease concessions. We recognize our minimum rental expense on a straight-line basis based on the fixed components of a lease arrangement. Payments are set on a pre-determined schedule within each lease agreement. We amortize this expense over the term of the lease beginning with the date of the standard adoption for current leases and beginning with the date of initial possession, which is the date we enter the leased space and begin to make improvements in the preparation for its intended use, for future leases. Variable lease components represent amounts that are not fixed in nature and are not tied to an index or rate, and are recognized as incurred. Variable lease components consist primarily of common area maintenance, taxes and insurance.
The Company does not, upon adoption of ASC 842, control a specific space or underlying asset used in providing a service by a third-party service provider, under any third party service agreements. There are no such arrangements that meet the definition under ASC 842.
In determining our right-of-use assets and lease liabilities, we apply a discount rate to the minimum lease payments within each lease agreement. ASC 842 requires us to use the rate of interest that a lessee would have to pay to borrow on a collateralized basis over a similar term, an amount equal to the lease payments in a similar economic environment. When we cannot readily determine the discount rate implicit in the lease agreement, we utilize our current borrowing rate on our outstanding line of credit. The Company’s line of credit utilizes market rates to assess an interest rate. Refer to Note F for further discussion.
We lease certain property under non-cancelable operating leases, primarily facilities. The impact of the adoption of ASC 842 at January 1, 2019 created a right-of-use asset of $1,042,004, lease liability of $1,095,761 and unwound the $71,877 balance of the deferred lease liability account.
The components of lease expense for the six months ended June 30, 2019 were as follows:
Other information related to leases as of June 30, 2019 was as follows:
Future annual minimum operating lease payments as of June 30, 2019 were as follows:
Future annual minimum lease payments under non-cancelable leases as of December 31, 2018 prior to our adoption of ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) are as follows:
Rental expenses charged to operations for the three ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 was $91,306 and $87,067. Rental expenses charged to operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 was $180,832 and $170,949, respectively.
The Company is subject to legal proceedings and claims which arise in the ordinary course of its business. Although occasional adverse decisions or settlements may occur, the Company believes that the final disposition of such matters should not have a material adverse effect on its financial position, results of operations or liquidity.
The following table sets forth the change in the sales tax accrual as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018:
The entire disclosure for commitments and contingencies.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef