J. STOCK OPTIONS AND WARRANTS
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2017
|Disclosure of Compensation Related Costs, Share-based Payments [Abstract]|
|STOCK OPTIONS AND WARRANTS||
NOTE J – STOCK OPTIONS AND WARRANTS
The Company maintains an equity incentive plan, (the “Plan”). The Plan was established in 2010 as an incentive plan for officers, employees, non-employee directors, prospective employees and other key persons. The Plan is administered by the Board of Directors or the compensation committee, which is comprised of not less than two non-employee directors who are independent. A total of 10,000,000 shares of stock were reserved and available for issuance under the Plan. The exercise price per share for the stock covered by a stock option granted shall be determined by the administrator at the time of grant but shall not be less than 100 percent of the fair market value on the date of grant. The term of each stock option shall be fixed by the administrator, but no stock option shall be exercisable more than ten years after the date the stock option is granted. As of December 31, 2017, there were approximately 1,752,968 shares remaining for issuance in the Plan.
It is anticipated that providing such persons with a direct stake in the Company’s welfare will assure a better alignment of their interests with those of the Company and its stockholders.
The following table summarizes the changes in options outstanding and the related prices for the shares of the Company’s common stock issued to employees of the Company under the Plan as of December 31, 2017.
Transactions involving stock options issued to employees are summarized as follows:
The expected life of awards granted represents the period of time that they are expected to be outstanding. The Company determines the expected life based on historical experience with similar awards, giving consideration to the contractual terms, vesting schedules, exercise patterns and pre-vesting and post-vesting forfeitures. The Company estimates the volatility of the Company’s common stock based on the calculated historical volatility of the Company’s common stock using the share price data for the trailing period equal to the expected term prior to the date of the award. The Company bases the risk-free interest rate used in the Black-Scholes option valuation model on the implied yield currently available on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues with an equivalent remaining term equal to the expected life of the award. The Company has not paid any cash dividends on the Company’s common stock and does not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Consequently, the Company uses an expected dividend yield of zero in the Black-Scholes option valuation model. The Company uses historical data to estimate pre-vesting option forfeitures and records share-based compensation for those awards that are expected to vest. In accordance with ASC 718-10, the Company calculates share-based compensation for changes to the estimate of expected equity award forfeitures based on actual forfeiture experience.
The following table summarizes the assumptions used to estimate the fair value of options granted during the years ended December 2017 and 2016, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model:
The total estimated fair value of the options granted during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 was $360,000 and $99,742. The total fair value of underlying shares related to options that vested during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 was $368,544 and $160,923. Future compensation expense related to non-vested options at December 31, 2017 was $21,426 and will be recognized over the next 3.5 years. The aggregate intrinsic value of the vested options was zero as of December 31, 2017 and 2016. Total stock-based compensation expense recognized in the consolidated statements of operations for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 was $322,888 and $55,050, respectively.
The following table summarizes the changes in warrants outstanding and the related exercise prices for the warrants issued to non-employees of the Company.
Transactions involving warrants are summarized as follows:
There were no warrants granted or exercised and 50,000 cancelled or forfeited during the year ended December 31, 2017. There were no warrants granted, 5,211,542 warrants exercised and 126,868 cancelled or forfeited during the year ended December 31, 2016.
The entire disclosure for compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation, which may include disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, allocation of equity compensation, incentive distributions, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, employee stock ownership plan details and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef